Spain and Indonesia co-hosted in Madrid, the 6th ASEM Counter-Terrorism Conference, which also benefited from the co-sponsorship of Denmark, Italy, Philippines, Portugal, and Singapore. This conference was a follow up from previous ASEM Conferences on Counter-Terrorism held in Beijing (2003), Berlin (2004), Semarang (2005), Copenhagen (2006) and Tokyo (2007), implementing the 2002 ASEM Co-operation Programme.

This meeting was part of a continuous effort to strengthen Asia-Europe mutual co-operation through discussion and exchange of experiences about the subject by engaging a dialogue among the relevant political authorities and experts on counter-terrorism.